Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects your ability to use sugar (glucose). Your body is either resistant to the effect of insulin (hormone that regulates movement of sugar into the cells) or your body doesn’t produce enough insulin. The net result is increased sugar in your blood. Complications from diabetes include heart disease (chest pain and/or heart attack), hypertension, nerve damage, kidney damage, stroke, eye damage, loss of circulation to the feet, osteoporosis, increased risk of yeast/fungal infections throughout the body, hearing problems and even possible Alzheimer’s disease.
Risk factor for Diabetes includes being over weight, inactivity, family history, age over 45. Race factors include, being Black, Hispanic, American Indian or Asian American. Diabetes is diagnosed with a blood test. A fasting blood sugar less than 100 is normal, greater than or equal to 126 is consistent with diabetes. Pre-diabetes includes levles between 100 and 125. Hemoglobin A1C more than or equal to 6.5 is consistent with the diagnosis of diabetes ( this is an average blood sugar over 2 to 3 months). Random blood sugar greater then or equal to 200, any time during the day, is consistent with diabetes.
If have diabetes and want to know more about participating in one of our studies, please fill out the form below or call us at (423) 698-4584.